The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan flag began to be used in 2002 by the new government but was formalized in early 2004. Afghanistan has had the most changes to its national flag in the 20th century than any other country in the world!The Afghanistan flag is one of four main national symbols of Afghanistan.
For the past five years, the official design is three vertical stripes of equal length, black, red, and green, with the Afghan National Emblem in the middle.
The current Afghan national flag is three stripes of black, red, and green in that order, beginning with the black from left to right.
Black represents the past - numerous past versions of the flag were black, and indicates the period in history when Afghanistan was an occupied country.
Red represents the blood shed to free Afghanistan from foreign rulers and specifically from the British-Afghan war in the 19th century.
Green is the color of Islam, but also represents new hope for the future.
The Afghanistan National Emblem
It is believed to have been originally created by the Afghan master artist Brezhna (deceased) in the time of King Amanullah. This is from an unpublished book about Brezhna. The emblem has been modified several times.
Today, the Afghan national emblem in the middle of the Afghan flag is white.
The emblem contains the following elements: